Implante de membrana amniótica en la corrección de úlceras corneales profundas de caninos y felinos

  • Luis Felipe Graciano Echeverry Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
  • Sandra Patricia Acevedo Toro Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
  • Jorge Luis Vanegas Giraldo Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
Palabras clave: implantes corneales, membrana amniótica, perros y gatos, úlceras corneales profundas

Resumen

Antecedentes: gran parte de los defectos del epitelio corneal, como las queratitis ulcerativas, no responden al tratamiento convencional y progresan a ulceración estromal y perforación inminente. En busca de nuevas opciones terapéuticas para corregir dichos defectos corneales, se encuentran el uso de membrana amniótica y las plastias corneales, ambos tratamientos quirúrgicos buscan una reepitelización corneal y un adecuado proceso de cicatrización cuando el tratamiento médico no ha tenido éxito. Objetivos: por medio de este trabajo se busca analizar los estudios actualizados referentes a los implantes de membrana amniótica para la resolución de úlceras corneales profundas en caninos y felinos, para poder definir los principios terapéuticos de la membrana amniótica en patologías oculares, determinar un protocolo de preparación de injertos de membrana amniótica y servir de base para estudios prácticos acerca de implantes corneales en caninos y felinos en Colombia. Conclusiones: con base en los resultados obtenidos en el proceso de revisión documental y en la experiencia quirúrgica de los autores, puede concluirse que el uso de la membrana amniótica apoya el crecimiento del epitelio de la superficie ocular y facilita la migración de las células epiteliales, proporciona una barrera a la infección, promueve la revitalización y mejora el dolor. Gracias a sus características únicas ofrece una opción importante en el tratamiento de úlceras corneales. En los últimos años su eficacia ha sido demostrada en el tratamiento de las enfermedades de la superficie ocular, y es ampliamente utilizada en este tipo de patologías.

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Biografía del autor

Luis Felipe Graciano Echeverry, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín

Médico veterinario. Especialista en Clínica. Miembro del Grupo Centauro. Médico veterinario, Hospital Veterinario Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Sandra Patricia Acevedo Toro, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín

Médica veterinaria. Especialista en Clínica. MSc. Grupo Centauro, Coordinadora Unidad de oftalmología y anestesia, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Jorge Luis Vanegas Giraldo, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín

Médico veterinario, Hospital veterinario Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Graciano Echeverry, L., Acevedo Toro, S., & Vanegas Giraldo, J. (2017, diciembre 11). Implante de membrana amniótica en la corrección de úlceras corneales profundas de caninos y felinos. Revista De Medicina Veterinaria, (36), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.19052/mv.5177
Publicado
2017-12-11
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